Danubius International Conferences, 9th International Conference The Danube - Axis of European Identity

The Principle of Freedom of Navigation on the Danube

Jana Maftei
Last modified: 2019-06-17


The principle of freedom of navigation is one of the oldest principles of international law and a cornerstone on which modern international law has been built. From Hugo Grotius (with his famous book De mare liberum) to the present, the principle of freedom of navigation has evolved due to political and military influences, commercial purposes, intended to control economic resources.

In this paper, we will examine, among other things, the theoretical aspects and the practice of states of origin of this principle, the attempts to encode it in international documents, its action on relations between states, its application to navigation on the Danube as a result of its recognition as an international river.

For the elaboration of the paper we have used as research methods the analysis of problems generated by the mentioned subject with reference to doctrinal views expressed in treaties and papers, the documentary research, the interpretation of legal norms in the matter.