Danubius International Conferences, 9th International Conference The Danube - Axis of European Identity

Border on the Danube River in 1940: Ukraine’s Cession and Its Consequences

Ruslan Șevcenco
Last modified: 2019-06-17


The year 1940 became the radical turning point in the history of Eastern Moldova. One of its main causeswas the fact that the region for the first time since 1812 lost access to the Black Sea. After the occupationof   Eastern   Moldova   by   the   Soviet   troops   in   June   1940,   party   leader   of   Ukraine,   N.   Khrushchev,temporarily subordinated to all the organs of power in the occupied land, demanded the transfer of thesouthern counties along with the Danube River sector in Ukraine. Despite his dependence on Khrushchev,the party leadership of the Moldovan SSR, formed on August 2, 1940, for several months protestedagainst this dictate and was ready to offer territories only partially requested. However, N. Hruşciov,obtaining the support of I. Stalin, "legislated" this territorial transfer entirely in November 1940. Thisfurther created several problems in the Soviet-Romanian and Romanian-Ukrainian relations. Their echoesare sometimes heard today.