Danubius International Conferences, 5th International Conference on European Integration - Realities and Perspectives

Considerations on the debtor’s fault - structural, distinct and absolutely necessary condition for employing the contractual civil liability

Nora Andreea Daghie
##manager.scheduler.building##: B Hall
##manager.scheduler.room##: B13
Date: 2010-05-14 03:30 PM – 06:30 PM
Last modified: 2010-05-12


Traditionally, both types of liability are committed in the presence of the same conditions. Thus, for a person to be responsible both under the criminal civil liability and the contractual civil liability, the following conditions must be fulfilled: an injury caused to another person; to have committed an act with unlawful character; between the unlawful act committed and the injury caused to another person to exist a direct causal link; the author of the act causing a prejudice to be at fault; the latter (the author) to have had the criminal possibility when the crime was committed.Lately, the repair function has gained, progressively, autonomy engaging the duty of compensation of the victim in the absence of the imputable character of the person responsible. The influence of the economic dimension of civil liability on its repair function has increased significantly, which requires reconsidering the functions of this institution, offering new opportunities for the full compensation for the prejudice, through the interpretation of the fundamentals of civil liability.
Key words: penalty, repair, prevention.