Danubius International Conferences, 6th International Conference on European Integration - Realities and Perspectives

Criminal Responsibility of Minors in the New Criminal Code Offences (Law No. 286/2009)

Boroi Alexandru, Chirila Angelica, Dragu Cretu
##manager.scheduler.building##: B Hall
##manager.scheduler.room##: B 1
Date: 2011-05-13 12:30 PM – 02:00 PM
Last modified: 2011-05-10


The elaboration and adoption of a new penal code represents a decisive moment in the evolution of any state laws. The decision to proceed in developing a new Criminal Code was not a simple demonstration of the political will, but represented a corollary match of economic and social development, also to the doctrine and jurisprudence and it had as base a series of gaps existing in the current regulation. The legislative changes concerning the minority represent one of the focal points of the reform proposed by the new Criminal Code (Law no. 286/2009). One of the major changes contemplated in this regard is the complete surrender to the punishment, applicable to juveniles who are criminally responsible, in favor of educational measures. The model that inspired the current legislation is the Organic Law no. 5/2000 regarding the criminal liability of minors in Spain (as amended by Organic Law no. 8/2006), but have considered the provisions of French law (Order of 2 February 1945 with subsequent changes), German (Law juvenile courts in 1953 with subsequent amendments) and the Austrian law (Juvenile Justice Act 1988).

Keywords: minority; criminal law; educational measures; new Criminal Code; penal policy