Danubius International Conferences, 10th International Conference The Danube - Axis of European Identity

Instruments of the Regional Policy of Development Business Undertakings in Ukrainian Black Sea Region

Vitaliy Zakharchenko, Vera Kandieieva
Last modified: 2020-06-18


Throughout the subchapter, the role of clusters as a modern tool for shaping the competitiveness of the regional economy is considered. It is shown that the cluster approach, in fact, combines several directions of the state policy - foreign economic, scientific and technology, sectoral. These policies intersect within individual territories and thus make it appropriate to apply the term «regional policy» to clusters. It is justified that cluster policy should be implemented in Ukraine, but it should not be uniform and universal. In regions with weak inter-sectoral links, poor transport infrastructure and underdeveloped social sphere, it is necessary to pay first of all attention to complex forecasts and complex development of the territory. In areas of new development such as the Black Sea shelf, the reproductive approach should be used as a method of substantiating the decisions made. In order to introduce innovative technologies into the economy of the regions of the Ukrainian Black sea region with low current and strategic competitiveness, it is advisable to stimulate the formation of interregional economic clusters, the core of which is located in stronger neighboring regions of innovative development. As part of this approach, the formation of separate links of inter-regional clusters capable of withstanding competition from the world market should be intensified in the problem regions.

The theoretical preconditions of the cluster concept were considered, the preconditions for the clusters creation in the Ukrainian Black sea regions were analyzed. The cluster approach, as the main mechanism of implementation of the new industrial policy in Ukraine in the new conditions becomes e is presented.