Danubius International Conferences, 2nd International Conference The Danube - Axis of European Identity

The Specific Administrative Policies Applied by the Tsarist Regime in Bessarabia: The special administration of Ismail

Sergiu Cornea
Last modified: 2012-06-22


The administrative policy implemented in Bessarabia in the early decades of occupation was imposed by the need to consolidate the military successes of the Russian Empire. The Russian authorities had the aim of immediate domination in the Balkans, showing the benefits of the Russian domination in Bessarabia, by attracting the sympathy of the neighbors on their side. That is why after years of annexation, the Russian authorities have promulgated in Bessarabia a specific administrative policy. Besides, the tsarist authorities also promulgated in Bessarabia specific forms of administration depending on specific tasks. In that sense, we can mention the special administration of the colonized cross-Danubian areas established in South of Bessarabia, the administration of rural communities being located in areas of Russian state and the Special Administration of Ismail City. In the Russian Empire, some port cities where there were established a large number of traders involved in external trade activities, were submitted to a special system of administration. The Russian central authorities were co-interested in the development of these cities thus creating excellent conditions for development (progress). Weaker positions of Russia in the Black Sea imposed the fastest development of port military and commercial cities, for the improvement of military successes achieved during the Russo-Turkish wars of the second half of the 18th centuries - the beginning of 19th century.